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DISCOVERING FUSIGNANO

DISCOVERING FUSIGNANO

These four itineraries offer four different inspiring ideas aimed at exploring the rich cultural, historical and naturalistic heritage of the municipality of Fusignano; the itineraries have been designed for cyclists.

Historical and cultural itinerary (length: 3km ca. – duration: 25 minutes ca.)
The starting place is the central Piazza Corelli, with its church Chiesa del Pio Suffragio - Tempio dei Caduti (1753), the church commemorating the war dead. Head for Piazza Armandi, where you can admire the majestic Chiesa Arcipretale di S. Giovanni Battista, designed by the architect Alberto Legnani in 1952.
Take via Padre Agostino and on the right via Viola until you reach the near Oratorio del Santissimo Crocifisso (1677). Then at the end of via Viola turn left on Viale Garibaldi and take via Severoli at the traffic light; here you can see the peaceful Oratorio dell'Angelo Custode (1732), which is home to the grave of the general Filippo Severoli (1767).
Go back to corso Emaldi where you can admire a building which used to be a children’s home (Orfanotrofio delle Fanciulle, 1796); today this palace houses a care home for elders. Turn right through the inner courtyard and get into via Vittorio Veneto; at the cross with via Leardini where you can see the former kindergarden funded by the local bibliophile Carlo Piancastelli (today this building is a hotel and restaurant). Once back in Corso Emaldi turn right, where you can see the portico of the former home of Napoleonic general Pier Damiano Armandi (1778); then continue to via Piancastelli where you can see the former Casa del Fascio, the current town hall and, on the right, the garden of Palazzo Piancastelli, which was destroyed during the war in 1945, except for a portion of external walls which is still standing. From via Roma go to piazza Emaldi and enjoy the shade of a beautiful exemplar of Gleditsia Triacanthos, the ancient remain of the woods of the Calcagnini family. 
Nearby in via Monti there are the Centro Culturale S.Rocco with a beautiful neoclassical façade and the ceramic Madonna made by Angelo Biancini.
From Piazza Emaldi cross the public green area with its monument to the war dead made by Alberto Legnani in 1958, then take via Matteotti and cycle to Viale Garibaldi; at the cross with Via Tasselli lies the Cà Negra del Bosco, formely occupied by the caretaker of the wood of the Calcagnini. At the bottom of via Tasselli there is the town’s green area named after "Generale C.Primieri"; this is adorned with contemporary sculptures by Guglielmo Massacci.
In Piazza Calcagnini you can admire the votive urn (in the style of Canova) which was once part of the magnificent Villa Calcagnini.
This itinerary ends in Piazza Corelli in the courtyard of the municipal library “Biblioteca Comunale Carlo Piancastelli".



Naturalistic itinerary – Knowing and safeguarding trees (length: 5.5km ca. – duration: 30 minutes ca.)
The itinerary starts in the garden of Piancastelli, former location of the palace of local bibliophile Carlo Piancastelli.
Cross via Roma and reach Piazza Emaldi; here there are a honey locust (Gleditsia triacanthos), a remain of the park of the Villa Calcagnini, and a black locust (Pseudoacacia). The nearby vegetation of the public green area includes several trees, amongst which:
oaks (Quercus Robur), oriental planes (Platanus Orientalis), black locusts (Pseudoacacia), pine trees (Pinae), holm oaks (Quercus Ilex). Nearby lies the garden of S.Rocco with several exemplars of yews (Taxus Baccata).
In viale Garibaldi you can see a field elm (Ulmus Minor) and a field maple (Acer Campestre). In via S.Barbara, at the cross with via Camminello, you can admire white poplar trees (Populus Alba).
From viale Garibaldi take via Molino, at the cross with via Ex Tramvia you will see Fusignano’s mill, also known as the mill of the Calcagnini family; this mill has been here since at least the early 14th century as testified by official documents. On the right side of the canal there are two oaks (Quercus Robur), while on the left, a bit further, you can admire a recently planted wood. Other trees on the canal include: black poplar (Populus Nigra), oriental planes (Platanus Orientalis) and oaks (Quercus Robur). If you travel along via Romana towards Maiano, after the crossroad you will find the so called area of the "Cave"; this privately owned area if a former mining pit which the Region Emilia Romagna has declared area of naturalistic interest. The four-hectares green area hosts a variety of trees which are typical of the local environment, such as black poplars and field elms. Cycle along via Sordina, then take via Cantagallo and turn right in via Dei Martiri; here you will find several lime trees (Tilia Sp.). The itinerary ends in the nearby via Severoli, homes to fifteen beautiful oriental planes that used to be part of the now destroyed Villa Severoli.
 

Archaeological itinerary in the countryside – Discovering the Castrum Donigallia and the old harbours of the marshes (length: 17.5km ca. – duration: 1 hour and 35 minutes ca.)
The starting point is the central piazza Corelli; from here, take via Monti and cycle towards Maiano Monti. Just outside the town centre you can admire the 14th century mill along the canal. Proceed along the right side of the mills’ canal; via Romana, now occupied by fields, is the former site of the fortress of Donigallia and of the church of S. Maria in Cocorre. Nearby lies the site of the ancient parish of S. Giovanni at Liba with its settlement, which once had a small port. In the middle ages this area was often flooded; in particular, in 1250 the village of Donigallia was so badly damaged by floods that it was progressively abandoned in favour of the current site of Fusignano, higher and therefore safer. In via S.Lucia there used to be a small church named after the homonymous saint; the Corelli family paid for it to be built in 1630, in the same spot formerly occupied by an oratory erected in 1494. Cycle along via Maiano and reach the cross with via Canalvecchio; here you can admire a chapel with a beautiful ceramic Madonna made by the contemporary ceramic artist Goffredo Gaeta. Turn right in via Canalvecchio and cycle along the canal. Until the early 20th century Canalvecchio was still busy with boats and its port was known as Porto di Liba; this area included the church of Madonna di Runzi and a tavern, which unfortunately have not survived. Cycle along via Breda, via S.Biagio and via Pistola until you reach Via Pratolungo 11, formely home to the port of Fusignano. In via Cantagallo the Oratory of S.S Annunziata (Sepulcrum Gentis Piancastelli) concludes the itinerary; here lies the body of the local bibliophile Carlo Piancastelli who died in 1938. Nearby is the monumental cemetery (1842) design by the architect Pietro Tomba.



Architectural itinerary of the churches and oratories of Fusignano (length: 15.5km ca. – duration: 1 hour and 20 minutes ca.)
The central Piazza Armandi is home to the Chiesa Arcipretale di S. Giovanni Battista, designed by the architect Alberto Legnani (1952).
At the end of via Padre Agostino turn right in via Viola where you can see the oratory of Santissimo Crocifisso (1677). 
From viale Garibaldi cycle to the traffic light in Via Severoli, where the oratory of the 'Angelo Custode’ (1732) hosts the tomb of general Filippo Severoli (who died in 1767). Beyond Via Cantagallo you can admire the oratory of S.S. Annunziata, which hosts the tomb of Carlo Piancastelli (who died in 1938). In via S.Savino you will find the homonymous church; its original structure dates back to the 5th century, but it was rebuilt in 1950 by the architect Renzo Strumia. Inside the church you can admire the 5th century monumental marble sarcophagus of S. Savino, whose decorations include various symbols such as lambs and doves. However, there is no historical proof that the martyr’s body was actually buried here. It’s historically documented that Astorgio II Manfredi took the remains of the saint to Faenza in 1443; the remains are still in a chapel in the dome of Faenza. The church also features a baptistery, a statue of S. Savino, artworks by Raoul Vistoli and a ceramic Via Crucis made by Bartoli and Cornacchia from Brisighella.
In via Valeria you can admire the oratory of Sant'Antonio Abate, built by the Corelli family and restored in 1777; today the church is in a poor state and its main altarpiece (a late 18th century canvas depicting Sant'Antonio Abate) is in a private collection. Cycle along the countryside lanes via Fornace Sordina and via Marocche and arrive in Maiano Monti; the cross with via Breda was occupied by the church of the Madonna del Pilaro (built with funds donated by Francesco Maria Vecchi in 1712 and dedicated to the Spanish Madonna 'Nuestra Senora del Pilar') which unfortunately was destroyed during the war. In via S. Lucia you can see the newly erected church of Madonna del Pilaro which was established in 1952; it houses paintings by the local artist Bergamini and a precious altarpiece depicting S. Lucia, from the homonymous church that doesn’t exist anymore. The church dedicated to S. Lucia had been built by the Corelli in 1630. You can now head back to the town centre and admire the neoclassical façade of Centro Culturale S.Rocco and the ceramic Madonna made by Angelo Biancini.





Last update: 17/07/2016 (Redazione di Fusignano)

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